English Language Proficiency Assessments 
for California (ELPAC) 2018

Summative Assessment

2018 ELPAC Results

The English Language Proficiency Assessments for California (ELPAC) is California’s assessment system that is used to determine the English language proficiency (ELP) of students whose primary language is not English. The Summative ELPAC assessment is used to measure progress toward English proficiency for students who have been identified as English learners. The results will help inform the school or district of proper educational placements and determine if a student is ready to be reclassified as proficient in English. This is important when ensuring that students continue to receive the supports they need to do well in school.

ELPAC - Performance Level Descriptors, CDE

The ELPAC is aligned with the 2012 California English Language Development Standards and assesses four domains: Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. 

Summative ELPAC results include an overall scale score and two composite scale scores which will indicate which of the four performance levels the student achieved. 

The Overall Scale Score is the combination of two scores: an oral language score (Listening and Speaking) and a written language score (Reading and Writing). 

San Bernardino County Results Overview

The Overall Performance results show that two-thirds (66.38 percent) of the 62,329 English learners tested in San Bernardino County scored at Level 3 (29.47 percent) and Level 4 (36.91 percent). In Oral Language, more than three-fourths (78.03 percent) of English learners tested scored at Level 3 (32.07 percent) and Level 4 (45.96 percent). In Written Language, less than one-half (45.44 percent) of English learners tested  scored at Level 3 (26.73 percent) and Level 4 (18.71 percent).

Overall Performance Scores

Oral Language Scores

Written Language Scores

San Bernardino and Surrounding Counties

The performance of San Bernardino County English learners (66.38% in Level 3 or above) is similar to the state of California (65.13%) and the surrounding counties, Los Angeles (64.72%), Orange (69.30%), Riverside (66.12%), and San Diego (64.51%).

San Bernardino County Student Overview

The K-12 population includes 403,137 students attending approximately 554 schools. There are 64 percent attending elementary schools, 14 percent attending middle schools, 21 percent attending high schools, and 1 percent attending county administered schools. From the 403,137 students who attend public school in the county, 288,979 are low-income students (71.7%) and 69,194 are English learners (17.2%). 

Note: Drag your mouse cursor over the chart bars for percent values.


Student Grade Level

The Summative Assessment is given to English Learners in grades K–12 every spring between February and May until they are reclassified as English proficient. English learners in 2nd grade had the highest percentage (80.64 percent) of scoring at Level 3 (37.03 %) and Level 4 (43.61%). They also scored the highest in both subtests, Oral Language (87.58% in Level 3 and above) and Written Language (63.86% in Level 3 and above). On the other hand, English learners in 3rd grade had the lowest percentage (49.57 percent) of English learners scoring at Level 3 (40.39%) and Level 4 (9.18%). They also scored the lowest in both subtests, Oral Language (68.74% in Level 3 and above) and Written Language (26.85% in Level 3 and above).

Student Groups

Of the 62,329 English learners tested in San Bernardino County, 52,384 are low-income students (84.0%) and 53,696 are English learners enrolled in U.S. schools for 12 months or more (86.1%). Female English learners (69.81% in Level 3 and above) scored higher than male English learners (63.55% in Level 3 and above). They also scored higher in both subtests, Oral Language (80.04% in Level 3 and above) and Written Language (49.51% in Level 3 and above). English learners enrolled in U.S. schools for 12 months or more (68.68% in Level 3 or above) scored higher than English learners enrolled in U.S. schools fewer than 12 months (52.66% in Level 3 or above). English learners that are not economically disadvantaged (67.02% in Level 3 and above) scored slightly higher than economically disadvantage English learners (66.26% in Level 3 and above).

Student Ethnicity

The student population for the county is primarily composed of Hispanic/Latino students (64.9 percent), followed by White (15.8 percent), African American (8.3 percent), Asian/Pacific Islander/Filipino (5.3 percent), and Multiracial (2.0 percent). The three largest ethnic subgroups that tested were Hispanic/Latino (90.7% - 56,523 students), Asians (4.7%- 2,929 students), and White (1.8% - 1,109). The Overall Performance results show that per ethnic subgroup more than one-half of English learners tested scored at Level 3 and above. Filipino English learners (73.07% in Level 3 and above) scored higher than the rest of the subgroups; followed by, Two or More Races (72.57%), Asian (69.55%), White (67.89%), African American (63.87%), Hispanic/Latino (66.26%), Native America (59.46%), and Pacific Islander (58.47%).

Student Primary Language

In San Bernardino County, the two common primary languages for English Learners were Spanish (92.3% - 57,551) and Mandarin (1.7% - 1,055). English learners whose primary language is Korean (77.32% in Level 3 and above) scored higher compared to English learners with other primary languages: Filipino(73.65%), Cantonese (73.62%), Punjabi (72.02), Mandarin (71.66%), Arabic (67.02%),               Spanish (66.17%), Vietnamese (66.12%) and all remaining primary languages (66.09%). 

ELPAC Results by District

Twenty-one districts in San Bernardino County performed at or above the countywide Overall performance (66 percent) on the 2018 summative ELPAC. During the first Operational ELPAC administration, districts demonstrated a range of overall scores (54.05%-81.48% in Level 3 or above), two districts tested more than 10,000 English learners, and ten districts tested more than 1,000 students. 

ELPAC Results By District and Grade

Select a district from the filter drop down menu below to see grade breakdown of student performances on each of the sub-tests and their domains. Please note: Accurate information will only be shown in the interactive graphs after a district is selected.

In order to protect student privacy, public data does not contain test results when 10 or fewer students were tested. This means that the charts will not show incomplete sets of performance levels.  Some districts do not have enough available data to populate charts and will instead show a numerical value indicating the Overall Performance Percent of All Students tested that scored at Level 4.

Subtest Score

The Overall Scale Score is the combination of two scores: an Oral Language (Listening and Speaking) and a Written Language score (Reading and Writing).

Domain Level

Domain level will be reported as beginning, intermediate, and well developed. These levels identify skills the student is performing well (Well Developed) or they may need help to improve (Beginning or Moderately Developed).

Oral Language

Written Language

English Language Proficiency Assessments for California 2018

Source: California Department of Education, San Bernardino County 2018